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Triolight B.V. – liniLED® Top Warm White 3000K Power

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Light measurements Add comments

Triolight B.V. presents an LED strip. The measurements from OliNo show that the lamp emits a warm white light with a color temperature of 3068 K. The lamp consumes 4.0 W and has a luminous flux of 396 lm. This results in an efficacy of 99 lm/W. The lamps energy category label is A++.

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 3068 K warm white
Luminous intensity Iv 160.2 Cd Measured straight underneath the lamp.
Illuminance modulation index 0 % Measured with a light sensor looking at the lamp (angle not defined). Is a measure for the amount of flickering.
Beam angle 112 deg 95 deg is the beam angle for the C0-C180-plane (perpendicular to the length direction of the lamp) and 112 deg is the beam angle for the C90-C270 plane, which is along the length direction of the lamp.
Power P 4.0 W The net power consumed.
Power Factor 1.00 The tests were done with a DC power supply. This results in no blind power and as a result the power factor is always 1.0 but not relevant to mention.
THD NaN % Total Harmonic Distortion, is not present as a DC voltage was used to power the lamp so a DC current resulted which has no THD.
Luminous flux 396 lm Measured with photogoniometer, calculation done as described in LM79-08.
Luminous efficacy 99 lm/W Be aware that a DC power supply has been used. The found efficacy with this measurement is excluding the power supply that normally is needed to convert the grid voltage (230 V AC) to the used DC voltage. By excluding the consumption of the power supply the efficacy found here is higher than it would be when the power supply had been included.
EU2013-label classification A++ The energy class, from A++ (more efficient) to E (least efficient). This label is an update of the previous version, and compulsory from Sept 2013.
CRI_Ra 85 Color Rendering Index.
CQS 84.9 QCS (v9.0.3) is an improved indicator (over CRI) of how well colors are rendered.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.3969 en y=0.4296
Fitting 24V DC This strip is connected to 24V DC.
PAR-value 1.6 uMol/s/m2 The number of photons seen by an average plant when it is lit by the light of this light bulb. Value valid at 1 m distance from light bulb.
PAR-photon efficacy 1.0 uMol/s/We The total emitted number of photons by this light, divided by its consumption in W. It indicates a kind of efficacy in generating photons.
Photon current 6.4 uMol/s The total number of photons in the light of this lamp.
S/P ratio 1.4 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (low environmental light level).
L x W x H external dimensions 1000 mm x 12 mm x 7 mm External dimensions of the lamp.
L x W luminous area 175 mm x 3 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). It is the sum of all LED surfaces.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of illuminance measurements was 24.4 – 24.5 deg C.The temperature of the lamp gets maximally about 15 degrees hotter than ambient temperature.Warm up effect: During the warmup time the illuminance varies during 10 minutes and decreases with 6 %.
During the warmup time the power varies during 8 minutes and decreases with 5 %.
The variation in efficacy (calculated as indication by simplydividing the illuminance by the power) during the warming up is -1 %. A very high negative value indicates a significant decrease for instance due to heating up of the lamp (decrease of lifetime).Voltage dependency: There is no (significant) dependency of the illuminance when the power voltage varies between 22 – 26 V DC.
There is a constant dependency of the consumed power when the power voltage varies between 22 – 26 V DC.At the end of the article an additional photo.
Eff-variation -1 % This is the variation in efficacy (calculated as indication by simply dividing the illuminance by the power) during the warming up. A very high negative value indicates a significant decrease for instance due to heating up of the lamp (decrease of lifetime).
Dimmable yes Info from manufacturer.

Biologic effect factor
0.397 According to pre-norm DIN V 5031-100:2009-06.
Blue Light Hazard risk group 0 0=exempt, 1=low, 2 = moderate, 3=high risk.
form factor strip
article number 11600
EAN code 8717693016189
Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file Right click on icon and save the file.
IES file Right click on icon and save the file.
Eulumdat file (20 cm 3000 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
IES file (20 cm 3000 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
Eulumdat file (1 m 2700 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
IES file (1 m 2700 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
Eulumdat file (20 cm 2700 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
IES file (20 cm 2700 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
Eulumdat file (1 m 4000 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
IES file (1 m 4000 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
Eulumdat file (20 cm 4000 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
IES file (20 cm 4000 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
Eulumdat file (1 m 6500 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
IES file (1 m 6500 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
Eulumdat file (20 cm 6500 K) Right click on icon and save the file.
IES file (20 cm 6500 K) Right click on icon and save the file.

Overview table

Please note that this overview table makes use of calculations, use this data with care as explained on the OliNo site. E (lux) values are not accurate, when within 5 x 175 mm (maximal luminous size, eventually diagonally measured)= 875 mm. Within this distance from the lamp (data given in red), the measured lux values will be less than the computed values in this overview as the measurements are then within the near field of the lamp.

EU 2013 Energy label classification

Since Sept 2013 these labels will be needed.

Important for the energy classification are the corrected rated power and the useful luminous flux.
The measured rated power is 4.0 W and might need to be corrected. The correction is dependent from the lamp type and whether or not the lamp control gear is included or not. The choice for this lamp is the following classification: Lamps operating on external LED lamp control gear. As a result the corrected rated power becomes: 4.4 W.
The luminous flux measured is 396 lm. The classification of this lamp needed to determine the useful flux is: Directional lamps with a beam angle >= 90° other than filament lamps and carrying a textual or graphical warning on their packaging that they are not suitable for accent lighting. Then the useful flux becomes 344 lm. Now a reference power can be calculated.

The energy efficiency coefficient is P_corr / P_ref = 0.13.

EU energy label for this lamp

Zip file with 6 EU energy labels of this lamp

The lamp’s performance in the lumen-Watt field, with the energy efficacy fields indicated.



Zip files with 6 EU energy labels of this lamp for the CCTs 2700, 4000 and 6500 K.

Eulumdat light diagram

This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file.

TriolightBV-LiniLED®_Top_WW_3000K_P-_light_diagram

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

The light diagram indicates the beam in the C0-C180 plane (perpendicular to the length direction of the lamp) and in the plane perpendicular to that, the C90-C270 plane (along the length direction of the lamp).

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 95 deg for the C0-C180 plane and 112 deg for the C90-C270 plane.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 396 lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 396 lm, and the consumed power of the lamp being 4.0 Watt, results in a luminous efficacy of 99 lm/Watt.

Electrical properties

The power factor is 1.00. The tests were done with a DC power supply. This results in no blind power and as a result the power factor is always 1.0 but not relevant to mention.

Lamp voltage 24.09 V
Lamp current 0.165 A
Power P 4.0 W
Apparent power S 4.0 VA
Power factor 1.00

Temperature measurements lamp

Temperature image(s).

status lamp > 2 hours on
ambient temperature 24.5 deg C
reflected background temperature 24.5 deg C
camera Flir T335
emissivity 0.95
measurement distance 0.5, 1 m
IFOVgeometric 0.136 mm per 0.1 m distance
NETD (thermal sensitivity) 50 mK

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is 3068 K which is warm white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The color temperature is given for inclination angles up to 90 deg. Beyond that angle has not been measured.

For the C0-C180 plane: the beam angle of 95 deg is equivalent to 47.5 deg inclination angle,which is the area where most of the light falls within. The maximum variation of color temperature in the first 90 degrees of this inclination area is about 2 %.

For the C90-C270 plane: the beam angle of 112 deg is equivalent to 55.8 deg inclination angle,which is the area where most of the light falls within. The maximum variation of color temperature in the first 90 degrees of this inclination area is about 1 %.

PAR value and PAR spectrum

To make a statement how well the light of this light bulb is for growing plants, the PAR-area needs to be determined.

The photon spectrum, then the sensitivity curve and as result the final PAR spectrum of the light of this light bulb

parameter value unit
PAR number 1.6 uMol/s/m^2
PAR photon current 3.9 uMol/s
PAR photon efficacy 1.0 uMol/s/W

The PAR efficiency is 65 % (valid for the PAR wave length range of 400 – 700 nm). This is the maximum percentage of the total of photons in the light that is effectively used by the average plant (since the plant might not take 100 % of the photons at the frequency where its relative sensitivity is 100 %).

S/P ratio

The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

The S/P ratio of the light coming from this lamp is 1.4.

Chromaticity diagram

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The point of the light in this diagram is inside the area indicated with class A. This area indicates an area for signal lamps.

The color coordinates are x=0.3969 and y=0.4296.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp)

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

This value of 85 indicates how well the light of this lamp can render well a set of reference colors, this in comparison with the light of a reference source (for color temperatures < 5000K a black radiator is used as reference and for color temperatures > 5000K the sun or the light outside during the day).

The value of 85 is bigger than the value of 80 that is considered as a minimum for working areas in general.

Note: the chromaticity difference is -0.0018 and indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. There is a value mentioned of max 5.4E-3 in section 5.3 of CIE 13.3-1995 however not further explanation of it.
An other reference with signal lights as a reference is given in the chromaticity diagram.

Color Quality Scale

QCS (v9.0.3) is an improved indicator (over CRI) of how well colors are rendered.

CQS-values of the light of this light bulb.

CQS-values for the light of this light bulb compared with those of a reference source with the same color temperature.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W] (this latter is estimated here by dividing the found E_v value by P).

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters

There is no (significant) dependency of the illuminance when the power voltage varies between 22 – 26 V DC.
There is a constant dependency of the consumed power when the power voltage varies between 22 – 26 V DC.

When the voltage varies abruptly with + or – 0.5 V DC then this results in a variation of the illuminance of maximally 0.2 %. This difference in illuminance is not visible (when it occurs abruptly).

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

TriolightBV-LiniLED®_Top_WW_3000K_P-_startupEffect_

TriolightBV-LiniLED®_Top_WW_3000K_P-_startupEffect_end_

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. In the first graph the 100 % level is put at begin, and in the last graph the 100 % level is put at the end.

During the warmup time the illuminance varies during 10 minutes and decreases with 6 %.
During the warmup time the power varies during 8 minutes and decreases with 5 %.
The variation in efficacy (calculated as indication by simplydividing the illuminance by the power) during the warming up is -1 %. A very high negative value indicates a significant decrease for instance due to heating up of the lamp (decrease of lifetime).

Measure of flickering

An analysis is done on the measure of flickering of the light output by this light bulb.

The measure of fast illuminance variation of the light of the light bulb

parameter value unit
Flicker frequency 3685.1 Hz
Illuminance modulation index 0 %

The illuminance modulation index is computed as: (max_Ev – min_Ev) / (max_Ev + min_Ev).

Biologic effect

The biologic effect shows the level of impact the light of this lamp can have on the day-night rhythm of human beings (as well as the suppression of melatonin production).
The important parameters (according to prenorm DIN V 5031-100:2009-06):

biologic effect factor 0.397
kbiol trans (25 years) 1.000
kbiol trans (50 years) 0.769
kbiol trans (75 years) 0.512
kpupil(25 years) 1.000
kpupil(50 years) 0.740
kpupil(75 years) 0.519

Blue Light Hazard

The amount of blue light and the harm it can cause on the retina has been determined. Herewith the results.

The level of blue light of this lamp related to the exposure limit and the different classification areas.

L_lum0 [mm] 3 Dimension of brightest part of lamp in C0-C180 direction.
L_lum90 [mm] 175 Dimension of brightest part of lamp in C90-C270 direction.
SSD_500lx [mm] 566 Calculated distance where Ev = 500 lux. This computation is valid when it is in the far field of the lamp. Note: if this value 200 mm then the distance of 200 mm is taken as proposed in the norm IEC 62471:2006.
Start of far field [mm] 875 Minimum distance at which the lamp can be seen as apoint source. In this area the Ev is linearly dependent from (1/distance)2.
300-350 nm values stuffed with 0s yes In the event OliNo has measured with a SpB1211 spectrometer without UV option then the irradiance data of 300-349 nm is missing. For lamps where there is already no energy content near 350 nm, the values 300-349 can also be set at zero then.
alphaC0-C180 [rad] 0.005 (Apparent) source angle in C0-C180 direction.
alphaC90-C270 [rad] 0.309 (Apparent) source angle in C90-C270 direction.
alphaAVG [rad] 0.053 Average (apparent) source angle. If average >= 0.011 rad then the exposure limit is computed with radiance Lb. Otherwise with irradiance Eb.
Exposure value [W/m^2/sr] 2.59E+1 Blue Light Hazard value for this lamp, measured straight underneath the lamp. Computation is referenced to Lb. Because the distance at 500 lux is in the near field, then this exposure value is too pessimistic and should be lower.
Blue Light Hazard risk group 0 0=exempt, 1=low, 2 = moderate, 3=high risk.

Extra

Additional photos.

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