Renewable Energy

LLE MR16 GU5.3 3L 3W WW

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

presents a measurement set of a led spot light with an MR16/GU5.3 fitting type. It needs 12 V AC/DC and has three 1 W led types in it. In this article the measurement data can be found as well as in Eulumdat format.
See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 2886 K Warm white
Luminous intensity Iv 605 Cd
Beam angle 18 deg A focused beam.
Power P 3.3 W
Power Factor 0.69 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 1.1 kVAhr for reactive power.
Luminous flux 120 lm
Luminous efficacy 36 lm/W
CRI_Ra 83 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.4409 and y=0.3984
Fitting GU5.3/MR16
D x H external dimensions 50 x 45 mm External dimensions of the spot light
D dimensions luminous area 28 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is the area around the leds including its reflector.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 18.0 deg C.

Warm up effect: illuminance decreases 10 % in 35 minutes.

Voltage dependency: consumed power and illuminance are not dependent from the light bulb voltage; except when the power voltage falls below 11 V.

For the eulumdat file follow this link.

There is a cold white version of this light bulb, see herewith a close-up of both fronts.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf  

Eulumdat light diagram

With this article an eulumdat file is added. This is a file that a.o. indicates the radiation pattern around the light bulb. There are more parameters in the file, and these all can be read with help of the free open source program Qlumedit.

An interesting graph is the light diagram, indicating the intensity in the C0-C180 and the C90-C270 plane.

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern in the C0-C180 and C90-C270 planes.The C0-C180 plane and the C90-C270 planes give the same result, as the spot light has a symmetry over the x-axis.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or the luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern shows a focused beam.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

The intensity measurements (of each turn angle) as function of inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There is little variation in light intensities for different turn-angles.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 18 degrees. However, this value is dependent from the plane observed.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern,it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this lamp is a luminous flux of 120 lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 120 lm, and the power of the lightbulb being 3.3 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 36 lm/W.

A power factor of 0.69 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 1.1 kVAr was needed.

Light bulb voltage 12.0 V
Light bulb current 399 mA
Power P 3.3 W
Apparent power S 4.8 VA
Power factor 0.69

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb.

The measured color temperature is about 2900 K, warm white.
This measurement is done straight underneath the light bulb. This color temperature can also be measured when looking at the light bulb under different inclination angles.

The color temperature dependent from the inclination angle.

There are changes in the color temperature when looking at the tube under different inclination angles. These variations are in the order of 7 %.

Chromaticity diagram

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is close to the Planckian Locus (the black path in the graph).

Its coordinates are x=0.4409 and y=0.3984.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp).

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 83 is higher than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0028 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. Its value is lower than 0.0054, which means that the calculated CRI result is meaningful.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following lamp parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 12 V is taken as 100 %.

The power consumed and the illuminance measurements do depend little on the light bulb voltage applied; all variations are within 1.0 % of the value at 12 V. Except for voltage values below 11 V there is a sharp decline of the power consumed as well as the illuminance.

To check whether this dependency can lead to visible changes in illuminance for possible grid voltage changes, it is noted what variations occur when the lamp voltage varies around 12 V + and – 1 V. Then the illuminance varies with less than 0.5 %.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. The 100 % level is put at begin (top) and at the end (bottom).

The illumination decreases with about 10 % over a warm-up time of 35 minutes.

Close up of front side of warm white and cold white

Close-up for the front side of warm white (left) and cold white (right) version

The warm white led light spot shows the leds with more yellow hue. It is clear that there is more phosphorescent used.

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