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LEDITLIGHT – DIMMABLE – 3x3Watt CREE – WARM WHITE – GU10 – Power Factor 0.91

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k presents a led spot light with GU10 fitting, three powerleds and warm white light. It is dimmable.

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 2845 K Warm white
Luminous intensity Iv 368 Cd Measured straight underneath the lamp
Beam angle 44 deg Valid for all C-angles as there is symmetry along the 1st axis.
Power P 5.8 W
Power Factor 0.91 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 0.5 kVAhr for reactive power.
Luminous flux 238 Lm
Luminous efficacy 41 Lm/W
CRI_Ra 82 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.4473 and y=0.4057
Fitting GU10
PAR-value 3.7 μMol/s/m2 The number of photons seen by an average plant when it is lit by the light of this light bulb. Value valid at 1 m distance from light bulb.
PAR-photon efficacy 0.4 μMol/s/We The toal emitted number of photons by this light, divided by its consumption in W. It indicates a kind of efficacy in generating photons.
S/P ratio 1.2 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (ow environmental light level).
D x H external dimensions 50 x 63 mm External dimensions of the lamp (D = diameter).
D luminous area 33 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is equal to the surface of the glass on the front.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 23-25 deg C. The maximum temperature of the light bulb gets about 40 degrees hotter than ambient.
Warm up effect: during the warm up time the illuminance decreases with ≈14 % and the consumed power with ≈10 %.

Voltage dependency: the power consumption and illuminance do not significantly depend on the voltage when it is varied from 200 – 250 V.

This article contains the test results of dimming the lamp at the end, which works well with the by the supplier delivered dimmer.

Measurement report (PDF) tbc
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.

Overview table

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_summary2

The overview table is explained on the OliNo website. Please note that this overview table makes use of calculations, use this data with care as explained on the OliNo site. E (lux) values are not accurate, when within 5 x 33 mm = 165 mm. Within this distance from the lamp, the measured lux values willl be less than the computed values in this overview as the measurements are then within the near field of the lamp.

Eulumdat light diagram

This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file. It is explained on the OliNo site.

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_light_diagram

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. The directions C90-C270 and C0-C180 give the same result as there is a symmetry along the 1st axis.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_pp_avg

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_ev_dep_kantelhoek

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 44º.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 238 Lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 238 Lm, and the power of the light bulb being 5.8 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 41 Lm/W.

Electrical properties

A power factor of 0.91 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 0.5 kVAr was needed.

Lamp voltage 230 VAC
Lamp current 28 mA
Power P 5.8 W
Apparent power S 6.3 VA
Power factor 0.91

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it are measured and graphed. See the OliNo site how this is obtained.

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_u_i_waveforms

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

This waveforms have been checked on requirements posed by the norm IEC 61000-3-2:2006 (including up to A2:2009). See also the explanation on the OliNo website.

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_harmonics

Harmonics in in the current waveform and checked against IEC61000-3-2:2006

There are no limits for the harmonics for led lighting equipment <= 25 W.

The Total Harmonic Distortion of the current is computed as 41 %.

Temperature measurements lamp

ir_0345ir_0348

Temperature image (overview) of the light bulb

ir_0346

Temperature image (z00m) of the light bulb

Tape is put on the hotspot and then zoomed in to measure its temperature.

status lamp > 2 hours on
ambient temperature 24 deg C
reflected background temperature 24 deg C
camera Flir B-CAM Western S
emissivity 0.95(1)
measurement distance 0.10 m (zoomed)
IFOVgeometric 0.4 mm
NETD (thermal sensitivity) 100 mK

(1) The emissivity of the masking tape is used which is about 0.95. The masking tape is so thin that it quickly takes the same temperature as the light bulb’s heat sink.

The tube on its hotttest place is between the heat sink blades, at a temperature of approximately 64 degrees.

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_powerspectrum_at_1m_distance

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is about 2850 K which is warm white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The measurement of CCT is measured for inclination angles up to 85º since then the illuminance value was decreased to very low values (< 5 lux).

The beam angle is maximally 44º, meaning a 22º inclination angle. In this area the majority of the light is present. The variation in correlated color temperature in this area is about 3 %.

PAR value and PAR spectrum

To make a statement how well the light of this light bulb is for growing plants, the PAR-area needs to be determined. See the OliNo website how this all is determined and the explanation of the graph.

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_par_spectra_at_1m_distance

The photon spectrum, then the sensitivity curve and as result the final PAR spectrum of the light of this light bulb

parameter value unit
PAR-number 3.7 μMol/s/m²
PAR-photon current 2.4 μMol/s
PAR-photon efficacy 0.4 μMol/s/W

The PAR efficiency is 64 % (valid for the PAR wave length range of 400 – 700 nm). So maximally 64 % of the total of photons in the light is effectively used by the average plant (since the plant might not take 100 % of the photons at the frequency where its relative sensitivity is 100 %).

S/P ratio

The S/P ratio and measurement is explained on the OliNo website. Here the results are given.

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_s_and_p_spectra_at_1m_distance
The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

The S/P ratio is 1.2.

More info on S/P ratio can be found on the OliNo website.

Chromaticity diagram

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is close to the Planckian Locus (the black path in the graph).

Its coordinates are x=0.4473 and y=0.4057. There is no norm yet that states what the max deviation from white light is allowed to be.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp). Practical information and also some critics about the CRI can be found on the OliNo website.

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 82 is higher than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0006 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. Its value is higher than 0.0054, which means that the calculated CRI result is not meaningful.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W], the (Correlated) Color Temperature [K] and the luminous efficacy [Lm/W].

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_voltagedependency

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The illuminance and consumed power do not vary significantly when the voltage is varied.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies < 0.1 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_startupeffect

lil_gu10_3x3w2600k_startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm up time is about 30 minutes. During that time the illuminance decreases with ≈ 14 % and the consumed power with ≈ 10 %.

Dim function

The lamp has been measured on its ability to be dimmed. See the following graph that gives the result of the dimming function. The general interpretation of the parameters and the graph and the way the dimming function is tested is explained on the OliNo website.

The dim-test is done with the by LedItLight delivered dimmer.

lil_lowpowerhalogendimmer

The lamp is well dimmable with this dimmer. It is a dimmer that works with low power loads. It is put in series with the lamp. The maximum illuminance level (or minimum light level) can be set with help of a knob at the back of the dimmer. By turning CW or CCW the maximum or minimum illuminance level is set.

A few general items that have been measured:

Consumed power without dimmer: 5.8 W.

Consumed power with dimmer set at no dimming: 7.5 W.

Illuminance without dimmer compared to illuminance with dimmer set at no dimming: -15 %.

This dimme ris used at 8 different positions, from 100 % (no dimming, position 4) to 12.5 % (minimal dimming position 1). The effect of dimming on some lamp parameters is measured and determined.

lil_dimmer_to_less_intensity

Lamp parameter values dependent on the dim position

Mechanical range for dimming: from 35 – 100 %, this is a wide range.

Illuminance/Intensity value range: from 0 – 100 % the whole range.

Consumed power decreases about as fast as the illuminance value decreases.

The color temperature stays constant.

The powerfactor at no dimming is 0.8 which is lower than without dimmer. When dimming is increased the power factor drops to 0.35.

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