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Renewable Energy

Montiss LS GU10 4W

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w Montiss gave a nice led spot for measurement. The lamp gas a GU10 fitting, a beam angle of 30 degrees and a light flux output of about 150 lumen. Together with its warm white color this is a lamp that can be used for various purposes.

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 2878 K warm white
Luminous intensity Iv 432 Cd Measured straight underneath the lamp
Beam angle 30 deg
Power P 5.7 W
Power Factor 0.93 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 0.4 kVAhr for reactive power.
Luminous flux 147 Lm
Luminous efficacy 26 Lm/W
CRI_Ra 82 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.4466 and y=0.4084
Fitting GU10
PAR-value 4.2 μMol/s/m2 The number of photons seen by an average plant when it is lit by the light of this light bulb. Value valid at 1 m distance from light bulb.
S/P ratio 1.2 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (ow environmental light level).
D x L external dimensions 50 x 48 mm External dimensions of the lamp. Excluding the pins.
D luminous area 35 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is equal to the surface of the frosted plate at the front.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 22.5 ºC. The max temp on the lamp was 32 ºC higher (so 55 ºC).

Warm up effect: during the warm up time the consumed power increases with 20 %.

Voltage dependency: the power consumption and illuminance depend linearly on the voltage when it is varied from 200 – 250 V.

This article contains the test results of dimming the lamp at the end, which failed.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.

Overview table

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_summary2

The overview table is explained on the OliNo website. Please note that this overview table makes use of calculations, use this data with care as explained on the OliNo site.

Eulumdat light diagram

This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file. It is explained on the OliNo site.

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_light_diagram

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. This light bulb has the same light diagram for the C0-C180 as for the C90-C270 plane as it has a symmetry around its height axis.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_pp_avg

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_ev_dep_kantelhoek

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 30 degrees.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 147 Lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 147 Lm, and the power of the light bulb being 5.7 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 26 Lm/W.

A power factor of 0.93 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 0.4 kVAr was needed.

Light bulb voltage (used on power supply!) 230 VAC
Light bulb current 27 mA
Power P 5.7 W
Apparent power S 6.2 VA
Power factor 0.93

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it+its constant current driver power supply are measured and graphed. See the OliNo site how this is obtained.

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_u_i_waveforms

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

The current does look like a sine but is not perfect, and its steep edges will result in some harmonics. It is in phase with the voltage. The power factor ends on a nice result, being > 0.9.

Also the power spectrum of the current is determined.

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_powerspectrumi_percent

Current power spectrum in % of the first harmonic (50 Hz).

A few higher harmonics, as there are steep edges in the current shape.

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_powerspectrum_at_1m_distance

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is about 2875 K which is warm white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The measurement of Correlated Color Temperature has been stopped when the inclination angle was 80 as the illuminance value was decreased to very low values there (< 5 lux).

The beam angle is 30º, meaning an inclination angle of max 15º. Almost all light falls within this angle. The variation of the color temperature within this angle is about 2 %.

PAR value and PAR spectrum

To make a statement how well the light of this light bulb is for growing plants, the PAR-area needs to be determined. See the OliNo website how this all is determined and the explanation of the graph.

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_par_spectra_at_1m_distance

The photon spectrum, then the sensitivity curve and as result the final PAR spectrum of the light of this light bulb

The PAR number for this light results in 4.2 μMol/s/m2. This value is valid at 1 m distance from the light bulb and valid roughly inside its beam angle.

The PAR efficiency is 64 % (valid for the PAR wave length range of 400 – 725 nm). So maximally 64 % of the total of photons in the light is effectively used by the average plant (since the plant might not take 100 % of the photons at the frequency where its relative sensitivity is 100 %).

S/P ratio

The S/P ratio and measurement is explained on the OliNo website. Here the results are given.

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_s_and_p_spectra_at_1m_distance
The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

The S/P ratio is 1.2.

More info will come in a separate article.

Chromaticity diagram

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is on top of the Planckian Locus (the black path in the graph).

Its coordinates are x=0.4466 and y=0.4084.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp).

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 82 is higher than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0005 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. Its value is lower than 0.0054, which means that the calculated CRI result is meaningful.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W], the (Correlated) Color Temperature [K] and the luminous efficacy [Lm/W].

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_voltagedependency

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The consumed power varies and the illuminance vary linearly when the voltage is varied.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies within 5 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is most likely not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_startupeffect

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm up time is about 15 minutes. During that time the illuminance increases with 4 % and the consumed power with 20 %.

Dim function

The lamp has been measured on its ability to be dimmed. See the following graph that gives the result of the dimming function. The general interpretation of the parameters and the graph and the way the dimming function is tested is explained on the OliNo website.

vdbprod_lsgu10-4w_to_less_intensity

Dim result on the lamp parameters (0% is maximally dimming)

The lamp is not well dim-able; there is no nice continuous decrease of illuminance when dimming is increased.

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