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Line Lite International BV Dimmable 3x2W Cree WW GU10

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10 presents a lightbulb in spot form. With a GU10 socket. However this lightbulb is not working on 230 V voltage, but needs to be driven with a (dimmable) driver, that feeds the leds with a constant current! Pay attention to that and assure that it will never be directly connected to the grid voltage. This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 2957 K Warm white
Luminous intensity Iv 791 Cd
Beam angle 28 deg
Power P 7.4 W This is including the constant current driver.
Power Factor 0.62 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 1.3 kVAhr for reactive power..
Luminous flux 219 lm
Luminous efficacy 30 lm/W
CRI_Ra 82 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.4397 and y=0.4046
Fitting GU10 Pay attention not to put mains voltage! As it needs a constant current LED driver.
D x H external dimensions 50 x 55 mm External dimensions of the light bulb. Excluding the GU-10 pins.
D luminous area 47 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is equal to the diameter of the front side in which the leds are mounted.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 27-28.5 deg C.

Warm up effect: during the warm up time the illuminance decreased with 22 % and the consumed power with 10 %.

Voltage dependency: the power consumption and illuminance are dependent on the voltage, this behavior is linear.

This article contains additional photos of the lightbulb and powersupply used.

This lightbulb is tested on dim-performance.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.

Eulumdat light diagram

An interesting graph is the light diagram, indicating the intensity in the C0-C180 and the C90-C270 plane. This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file.

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_light_diagram

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. This light bulb has the same light diagram for the C0-C180 as for the C90-C270 plane.

The bundle is some smaller than an average 40 degree bundle coming from n halogen light bulb.

The unit is Cd/1000lm, meaning the intensity in Cd assuming there would be 1000 lumen in the measured light bulb. This enables comparing different types of light bulbs.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_pp_avg

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_ev_dep_kantelhoek

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 28 degrees. This is the average value but as the light bulb has a symmetry over its z-axis, this angle is valid for all turn-angles the light bulb is looked at.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 219 lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 219, and the power of the lightbulb being 7.4 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 30 lm/W.

A power factor of 0.62 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 1.3 kVAr was needed.

Light bulb voltage (used on power supply!) 230 VAC
Light bulb current 52 mA
Power P 7.4 W
Apparent power S 12 VA
Power factor 0.62

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it+its power supply are measured and graphed.

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_u_i_waveforms

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb
There are peaks in current near the tops of the voltage. This results in a waveform for the current that is different from the sineform of the voltage, resulting an a power factor less than 1.
Also the power spectrum of the current is determined.

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_powerspectrumi_percent

Current power spectrum in % of the first harmonic (50 Hz).

The current peaks result in a current power spectrum with a considerable amount of higher harmonics.

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_powerspectrum

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb.

The measured color temperature is about 2950 K which is warm white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The color temperature is given for inclination angles up to 60 degrees, since at higher angles there is almost no light output anymore.

The value remains constant within 2.5 %.

Chromaticity diagram

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp on top of the Planckian Locus (the black path in the graph).

Its coordinates are x=0.4397 and y=0.4046.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp).

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 82 is higher than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0005 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. Its value is lower than 0.0054, which means that the calculated CRI result is meaningful.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W], the (Correlated) Color Temperature [K] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_voltagedependency

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The consumed power and illuminance vary, in a linear way, when the voltage varies between 200-250 V. The variation is more towards the lower voltages.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies within 2 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_startupeffect

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm-up time is about 20 minutes, during which the illumination drops bout 20 % and the consumed power 10 %.

Dim performance

This lightbulb has been tested on dim-performance. It was connected using the guidelines as given on the website of Line Lite International BV.

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_to_less_intensity

Light bulb parameter values depending on the mechanical position of the knob of the dimmer

The light bulb is dimmed using a mechanical range of the knob of about 40 %. This is enough to well dim the light bulb.

In this range, the light output can be dimmed from 100 % down to 10 %. This is a wide range.

When dimming the light output, the luminous efficacy remains at little dimming levels constant, and at increased dimming levels it drops in value; simply because the amount of energy taken by the dim-unit is relatively more than the amount of energy used by the LEDs themselves.

This graph outputs the parameters when starting at 100 % light output and increasing dimming levels. Going from 0 % light output towards 100 % gives the same result.

Additional photos

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_frontside

Front side of the light bulb.

A rippled lens is used for each led.

linelite_3x2w_cree_ww_gu10_powersupply

The power supply used to drive the leds.

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