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Renewable Energy

LEDITLIGHT – 3x3W CREE XPE LEDs – EXTRA WARM – GU10

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

lil_gu10 presents a 3 x 3 W spot ledlamp with cree leds.

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 2744 K Warm white
Luminous intensity Iv 506 Cd Measured straight underneath the lamp.
Illuminance modulation index 1 % Measured straight underneath the lamp. Is a measure for the amount of flickering.
Beam angle 40 deg 40º for all C-planes since the lamp is symmetrical along its 1st axis.
Power P 6.7 W
Power Factor 0.56 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 1.5 kVAhr for reactive power.
THD 140 % Total Harmonic Distortion
Luminous flux 268 Lm
Luminous efficacy 40 Lm/W
CRI_Ra 82 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.4551 and y=0.4074
Fitting GU10 This lamp is connected to the 230 V grid voltage.
PAR-value 5.0 μMol/s/m2 The number of photons seen by an average plant when it is lit by the light of this light bulb. Value valid at 1 m distance from light bulb.
PAR-photon efficacy 0.4 μMol/s/We The toal emitted number of photons by this light, divided by its consumption in W. It indicates a kind of efficacy in generating photons.
S/P ratio 1.2 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (low environmental light level).
D x H external dimensions 50 x 82 mm External dimensions of the lamp, without pins.
D luminous area 42 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is the surface of the smalles circle around the leds at the front of the lamp.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 24.5 deg C. The temperature of the housing directly around the leds get about 43 degrees hotter than ambient temperature.
Warm up effect: during the warm up time the illuminance decreases with 14 % and the consumed power with 12 %.

Voltage dependency: the power consumption and illuminance vary insignificantly when the power voltage varies between 200-250 V.

Measurement report (PDF) tbc
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.

Overview table

lil_gu10_summary2

The overview table is explained on the OliNo website.

Please note that this overview table makes use of calculations, use this data with care as explained on the OliNo site. E (lux) values are not accurate, when within 5 x 42 mm ≈ 210 mm. Within this distance from the lamp, the measured lux values willl be less than the computed values in this overview as the measurements are then within the near field of the lamp.

Eulumdat light diagram

This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file. It is explained on the OliNo site.

lil_gu10_light_diagram

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. All the planes give the same results as the lamp is symmetrical along its 1st axis.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

lil_gu10_pp_avg

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

lil_gu10_ev_dep_kantelhoek

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 40º for all C-planes looked at.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 268 Lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 268 Lm, and the power of the light bulb being 6.7 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 40 Lm/W.

Electrical properties

A power factor of 0.56 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 1.5 kVAr was needed.

Lamp voltage 230 VAC
Lamp current 52 mA
Power P 6.7 W
Apparent power S 12.0 VA
Power factor 0.56

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it are measured and graphed. See the OliNo site how this is obtained.

lil_gu10_u_i_waveforms

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

This waveforms have been checked on requirements posed by the norm IEC 61000-3-2:2006 (including up to A2:2009). See also the explanation on the OliNo website.

lil_gu10_harmonics

Harmonics in in the current waveform and checked against IEC61000-3-2:2006

There are no limits for the harmonics for lighting equipment <= 25 W.

The Total Harmonic Distortion of the current is computed as 140 %.

Temperature measurements lamp

ir_0259_side_em095almostok

Difference in temperature measured

When is measured on the masking tape the temperature is different than when measured directly on the metal itself. Then when putting the emissivity of the metal to 0.89 the temperature was equal to the one measured on the masking tape.

ir_0259_side_em089ok

The metal of the heatsink at the sides with an emissivity of 0.89.

ir_0260_top_em095nok

The temperature of the housing at the front of the lamp.

The metal reflects a lot of the temperature of the ambient, which makes the temperature of the metal itself appearing lower than real. The emissivity of the metal is about 0.52 to get a correct temperature reading.

status lamp > 2 hours on
ambient temperature 25 deg C
reflected background temperature 25 deg C
camera Flir T335
emissivity 0.52 and 0.89(1)
measurement distance 0.2 m
IFOVgeometric 0.3 mm
NETD (thermal sensitivity) 50 mK

(1) See text for explanation.

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

lil_gu10_powerspectrum_at_1m_distance

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is about 2750 K which is warm white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

lil_gu10_cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The measurement of CCT is measured for inclination angles up to 75º. Beyond that angle the illuminance was very low (< 5 lux).

The beam angle is 40º, meaning a 20º inclination angle. In this area most of the light is present. The variation in correlated color temperature in this area is about 2 %.

PAR value and PAR spectrum

To make a statement how well the light of this light bulb is for growing plants, the PAR-area needs to be determined. See the OliNo website how this all is determined and the explanation of the graph.

lil_gu10_par_spectra_at_1m_distance

The photon spectrum, then the sensitivity curve and as result the final PAR spectrum of the light of this light bulb

parameter value unit
PAR-number 5.0 μMol/s/m²
PAR-photon current 2.6 μMol/s
PAR-photon efficacy 0.4 μMol/s/W

The PAR efficiency is 64 % (valid for the PAR wave length range of 400 – 700 nm). So maximally 64 % of the total of photons in the light is effectively used by the average plant (since the plant might not take 100 % of the photons at the frequency where its relative sensitivity is 100 %).

S/P ratio

The S/P ratio and measurement is explained on the OliNo website. Here the results are given.

lil_gu10_s_and_p_spectra_at_1m_distance
The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

The S/P ratio is 1.2.

More info on S/P ratio can be found on the OliNo website.

Chromaticity diagram

lil_gu10_chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is inside the area designated with class B. This class indicates an area that is defined for signal lamps, see also the OliNo website.

Its coordinates are x=0.4551 and y=0.4074.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp). Practical information and also some critics about the CRI can be found on the OliNo website.

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

lil_gu10_cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 82is higher than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0008 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. There is no norm yet that states what the max deviation from white light is allowed to be. A reference with signal lights as a reference is given in the chromaticity diagram.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [Lm/W].

lil_gu10_voltagedependency

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The illuminance and consumed power do not vary significantly when the voltage is varied.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies < 0.1 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

lil_gu10_startupeffect

lil_gu10_startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm up time is about 25 minutes, during which the illuminance decreases with 14 % and the consumed power with 12 %.

Measure of flickering

An analysis is done on the measure of flickering of the light output by this light bulb. See the OliNo site for more information.

lil_gu10_flicker_waveforms

The measure of fast illuminance variartion of the light of the light bulb

parameter waarde eenheid
Flicker frequency 198 Hz
Illuminance modulation index 1 %

The illuminance modulation index is computed as: (max_Ev – min_Ev) / (max_Ev + min_Ev).

Note: the 1 % modulation is so small that the flicker frequency is not relevant and even maybe not correct. Looking at the image it does not look like a stable frequency.

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