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Renewable Energy

Flowmagic InlineLED® Work lamp type Trio-D60-230-50cm

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

flowmagic_werklamp_upwards presents three led tubes as a robust unit to be used as versatily work lamp that is easy to position in different orientations.

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 5013 K Neutral white / cool white
Luminous intensity Iv 1180 Cd Measured straight underneath the lamp
Illuminance modulation index 17 % Measured straight underneath the lamp. Is a measure for the amount of flickering.
Beam angle 127 deg 127º for the C0-C180 plane (crossing length direction of the tubes) and 108º for the C90-C270 plane (length direction).
Power P 49.5 W
Power Factor 0.96 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 0.3 kVAhr for reactive power.
THD 15 % Total Harmonic Distortion
Luminous flux 3952 Lm
Luminous efficacy 80 Lm/W
CRI_Ra 70 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.3464 and y=0.3624
Fitting 230V This Tube Light work lamp is connected directly to the grid voltage of 230 V AC.
PAR-value 10 μMol/s/m2 The number of photons seen by an average plant when it is lit by the light of this light bulb. Value valid at 1 m distance from light bulb.
PAR-photon efficacy 0.7 μMol/s/We The toal emitted number of photons by this light, divided by its consumption in W. It indicates a kind of efficacy in generating photons.
S/P ratio 1.7 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (low environmental light level).
L x W x H external dimensions 517 x 194 x 133 mm External dimensions of the lamp.
L x W x H luminous area 454 x 160 x 34 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is the area around the transparent sides of the tube in the lamp.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 24-24.5 deg C. The temperature on the alu strips close to the tubes get hottest, about 33 degrees hotter than ambient.

Warm up effect: during the warm up time the illuminance decreases with about 5-6 % and the consumed power with 4-5 %.

Voltage dependency: the power consumption and illuminance do not vary significantly when the voltage is varied from 200 – 250 V.
An additional photo at the end.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on the icon and save the file.
IES file olino_eulumdat Right click on the icon and save the file.

Overview table

flowmagic_werklamp_summary2

The overview table is explained on the OliNo website.

Please note that this overview table makes use of calculations, use this data with care as explained on the OliNo site. E (lux) values are not accurate, when within 5 x 480 mm (approx diagonal dimension) ≈ 2400 mm. Within this distance from the lamp, the measured lux values willl be less than the computed values in this overview as the measurements are then within the near field of the lamp.

Eulumdat light diagram

This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file. It is explained on the OliNo site.

flowmagic_werklamp_light_diagram

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. The direction or plane C0-C180 cuts the lamp in the direction crossing the length direction of the tubes, and the C90-C270 plane cuts the lamp in the length direction.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

flowmagic_werklamp_pp_avg

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd. These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

flowmagic_werklamp_ev_dep_kantelhoek

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used. When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 127º in the C0-C180 plane and 108º in the C90-C270 plane.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux. The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 3952 Lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 3952 Lm, and the power of the light bulb being 49.5 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 80 Lm/W.

Electrical properties

A power factor of 0.96 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 0.3 kVAr was needed.

Lamp voltage 230 VAC
Lamp current 224 mA
Power P 49.5 W
Apparent power S 51.5 VA
Power factor 0.96

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it are measured and graphed. See the OliNo site how this is obtained.

flowmagic_werklamp_u_i_waveforms

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

This waveforms have been checked on requirements posed by the norm IEC 61000-3-2:2006 (including up to A2:2009). See also the explanation on the OliNo website.

flowmagic_werklamp_harmonics

Harmonics in in the current waveform and checked against IEC61000-3-2:2006

There are limits for the harmonics for lighting equipment > 25 W which are fulfilled.

The Total Harmonic Distortion of the current is computed as 15 %.

Temperature measurements lamp

ir_0069_sideview

Overview temperature image. looking for the hotspots.

ir_0070_hot_alu_strips

Sideview metal strip, much reflective and therefore measured with help of a piece of painting tape.

The strip on the sides of the center tube gets the hottest. The strip itself does not radiate a lot of heat since it has a low emissivity. Painting the strip with some paint with matte surface greatly increases the emissivity and herewith the release of heat.

ir_0071_side_withemm095isok

The alu strip at the side of a tube on one of the sides of the lamp. Also included the temperature of the side of the lamp.

The emissivity of the housing of the lamp is comparable to that of the painting tape.

ir_0072_ledtubeitself_emm095_mustbe087

The led tube itself, which emissivity is put at 0.87 to have equal temperature readings as on the painting tape. The correct value being 35-36 deg C.

ir_0073_top_view

The end caps of the lamp. The center connection gets the hottest

status lamp > 2 hours on
ambient temperature 24 deg C
reflected background temperature 24 deg C
camera Flir T335
emissivity 0.95(1)
measurement distance most images on 0.2 m
IFOVgeometric 0.3 mm
NETD (thermal sensitivity) 50 mK

(1) The emissivity settings vary, see explanation in the text.

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

flowmagic_werklamp_powerspectrum_at_1m_distance

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is about 5025 K which is neutral white / cold white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

flowmagic_werklamp_cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The measurement of CCT is measured for inclination angles up to 80º as beyond that angle the illuminance values are very low (< 5 lux).

The beam angle for the C0-C180 plane (red line) is 127º, meaning a 63º inclination angle. In this area most of the light is present. The variation in correlated color temperature in this area is ≈ 1 %.

The beam angle for the C90-C270 plane (black line) is 108º, meaning a 54º inclination angle. In this area most of the light is present. The variation in correlated color temperature in this area is < 3 %.

PAR value and PAR spectrum

To make a statement how well the light of this light bulb is for growing plants, the PAR-area needs to be determined. See the OliNo website how this all is determined and the explanation of the graph.

flowmagic_werklamp_par_spectra_at_1m_distance

The photon spectrum, then the sensitivity curve and as result the final PAR spectrum of the light of this light bulb

parameter value unit
PAR-number 10 μMol/s/m²
PAR-photon current 33.5 μMol/s
PAR-photon efficacy 0.7 μMol/s/W

The PAR efficiency is 64 % (valid for the PAR wave length range of 400 – 700 nm). So maximally 64 % of the total of photons in the light is effectively used by the average plant (since the plant might not take 100 % of the photons at the frequency where its relative sensitivity is 100 %).

S/P ratio

The S/P ratio and measurement is explained on the OliNo website. Here the results are given.

flowmagic_werklamp_s_and_p_spectra_at_1m_distance

The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

The S/P ratio is 1.7.

More info on S/P ratio can be found on the OliNo website.

Chromaticity diagram

flowmagic_werklamp_chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is inside the area designated with class A. This Class A is an area that is defined for signal lamps, see also the OliNo website.

Its coordinates are x=0.3464 and y=0.3624.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp). Practical information and also some critics about the CRI can be found on the OliNo website. Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

flowmagic_werklamp_cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 70 is lower than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0018 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. There is no norm yet that states what the max deviation from white light is allowed to be. A reference with signal lights as a reference is given in the chromaticity diagram.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [Lm/W].

flowmagic_werklamp_voltagedependency

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The illuminance and consumed power do not vary significantly when the voltage is varied.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies < 0.1 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

flowmagic_werklamp_startupeffect

flowmagic_werklamp_startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm up time is some more than 60 minutes. During that time the the illuminance decreases with 5-6 % and the consumed power with 4-5 %.

Measure of flickering

An analysis is done on the measure of flickering of the light output by this light bulb. See the OliNo site for more information.

flowmagic_werklamp_flicker_waveforms

The measure of fast illuminance variartion of the light of the light bulb

parameter waarde eenheid
Flicker frequency 100 Hz
Illuminance modulation index 17 %

The illuminance modulation index is computed as: (max_Ev – min_Ev) / (max_Ev + min_Ev).

Photo

flowmagic_werklamp

An other position of the lamp, shining side ways.

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