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Luminesense 4x60cm led tube in built in luminaire

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

luminesense_4x60 presents 4x60cm led tube lights in a built in luminary.

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 4218 K Neutral white
Luminous intensity Iv 1047 Cd Measured straight underneath the lamp
Illuminance modulation index 21 % Measured straight underneath the lamp. Is a measure for the amount of flickering.
Beam angle 104 deg 104º for the C0-C180 plane (crossing length direction of the tube) and 98º for the C90-C270 plane (length direction).
Power P 48.7 W
Power Factor 0.95 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 0.3 kVAhr for reactive power.
THD 11 % Total Harmonic Distortion
Luminous flux 2902 Lm
Luminous efficacy 60 Lm/W
CRI_Ra 72 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.3724 and y=0.3763
Fitting FL-tube This Tube Light is connected directly to the grid voltage of 230 V AC.
PAR-value 9.0 μMol/s/m2 The number of photons seen by an average plant when it is lit by the light of this light bulb. Value valid at 1 m distance from light bulb.
PAR-photon efficacy 0.5 μMol/s/We The toal emitted number of photons by this light, divided by its consumption in W. It indicates a kind of efficacy in generating photons.
S/P ratio 1.6 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (ow environmental light level).
L x W x H external dimensions 595 x 595 x 95 mm External dimensions of the lamp.
L x W luminous area 552 x 552 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is equal to the total of openings of the reflector at the front behind which the 4 led tubes are situated.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 24.5 deg C. The temperature of the lamp gets about 14 degrees hotter than ambient which is on the led tubes themselves.

Warm up effect: during the warm up time the illuminance decreased with 6 % and the consumed power with 4 %.

Voltage dependency: the power consumption and illuminance do not vary significantly when the voltage is varied from 200 – 250 V.

At the end of this article there is an additional photo of the lamp.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.
IES file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.

Overview table

luminesense_4x60_summary2

The overview table is explained on the OliNo website.

Please note that this overview table makes use of calculations, use this data with care as explained on the OliNo site. E (lux) values are not accurate, when within 5 x 552 mm ≈ 2800 mm. Within this distance from the lamp, the measured lux values willl be less than the computed values in this overview as the measurements are then within the near field of the lamp.

Eulumdat light diagram

This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file. It is explained on the OliNo site.

luminesence_4x60_light_diagram

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. The direction or plane C90-C270 (along the length direction of the tube) emits a lot less light to the sides than does the C0-C180 (crossing the length direction of the tube).

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

luminesense_4x60_pp_avg

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd. These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

luminesense_4x60_ev_dep_kantelhoek

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used. When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 98-104º depending on the plane looked at (resp. the C90-C270 plane and the C0-C180 plane).

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux. The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 2902 Lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 2902 Lm, and the power of the light bulb being 48.7 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 60 Lm/W.

Electrical properties

A power factor of 0.95 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 0.3 kVAr was needed.

Lamp voltage 230 VAC
Lamp current 224 mA
Power P 48.7 W
Apparent power S 51.5 VA
Power factor 0.95

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it are measured and graphed. See the OliNo site how this is obtained.

luminesense_4x60_u_i_waveforms

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

This waveforms have been checked on requirements posed by the norm IEC 61000-3-2:2006 (including up to A2:2009). See also the explanation on the OliNo website.

luminesense_4x60_harmonics

Harmonics in in the current waveform and checked against IEC61000-3-2:2006

There are limits for the harmonics for lighting equipment > 25 W. This result shows that for one frequency it is beyond the limit. However this can be because the used voltage was not according to IEC norm but has too many harmonics.

luminesense_4x60_harmonics_voltage

Harmonics in the used lamp voltage

As the lamp unit has only slightly more harmonics than the norm prescribes, and as the used voltage is not fulfilling the norm’s limits on harmonics but goes beyond, it is assumed that the lamp unit might very well stay within the IEC harmonic content limits if a clean enough voltage was used. Therefore the result shown should be considered as an indicator.

The Total Harmonic Distortion of the current is computed as 11 %.

Temperature measurements lamp

ir_0513_relfector_downwards
Temperature image of the reflector, measured on masking tape
ir_0514_tube_downwards
Hottest spot on the tube itself, measured on masking tape

status lamp > 2 hours on
ambient temperature 24 deg C
reflected background temperature 24 deg C
camera Flir BCAM
emissivity 0.95(1)
measurement distance 0.30 m
IFOVgeometric 1.1 mm
NETD (thermal sensitivity) 100 mK

(1) The emissivity is set at 0.95 which is close to the value of the masking tape that was used.

The hottest temperature on the tube is warm-to-the-touch.

ir_0516_backside_upwards_power_supply

Back side the power supply unit is well visible, leaving hot marks

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

luminesense_4x60_powerspectrum_at_1m_distance

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is about 4225 K which is neutral white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

luminesense_4x60_cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The measurement of CCT is measured for inclination angles up to 60º as beyond that angle the illuminance values are very low (< 5 lux).

The beam angle is maximally 104º, meaning a 52º inclination angle. In this area most of the light is present. The variation in correlated color temperature in this area is about 1 %.

PAR value and PAR spectrum

To make a statement how well the light of this light bulb is for growing plants, the PAR-area needs to be determined. See the OliNo website how this all is determined and the explanation of the graph.

luminesense_4x60_par_spectra_at_1m_distance

The photon spectrum, then the sensitivity curve and as result the final PAR spectrum of the light of this light bulb

parameter value unit
PAR-number 9.0 μMol/s/m²
PAR-photon current 25.0 μMol/s
PAR-photon efficacy 0.5 μMol/s/W

The PAR efficiency is 64 % (valid for the PAR wave length range of 400 – 700 nm). So maximally 64 % of the total of photons in the light is effectively used by the average plant (since the plant might not take 100 % of the photons at the frequency where its relative sensitivity is 100 %).

S/P ratio

The S/P ratio and measurement is explained on the OliNo website. Here the results are given.

luminesense_4x60_s_and_p_spectra_at_1m_distance

The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

The S/P ratio is 1.6.

More info on S/P ratio can be found on the OliNo website.

Chromaticity diagram

luminesense_4x60_chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is inside the area designated with class A. This Class A is an area that is defined for signal lamps, see also the OliNo website.

Its coordinates are x=0.3724 and y=0.3763.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp). Practical information and also some critics about the CRI can be found on the OliNo website. Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

luminesense_4x60_cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 72 is lower than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0023 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. There is no norm yet that states what the max deviation from white light is allowed to be. A reference with signal lights as a reference is given in the chromaticity diagram.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [Lm/W].

luminesense_4x60_voltagedependency1

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The illuminance and consumed power do not vary significantly when the voltage is varied.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies < 0.1 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

luminesense_4x60_startupeffect

luminesense_4x60_startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm up time is about 20 minutes. During that time the the illuminance decreases with 6 % and the consumed power with 4 %.

Measure of flickering

An analysis is done on the measure of flickering of the light output by this light bulb.

luminesense_4x60_flicker_waveforms

The measure of fast illuminance variartion of the light of the light bulb

parameter waarde eenheid
Flicker frequency 100.0 Hz
Illuminance modulation index 21 %

The illuminance modulation index is computed as: (max_Ev – min_Ev) / (max_Ev + min_Ev).

Additional photo

luminesense_side1
Side view of the lamp

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