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KLV Led Tube Light KLV-T8-151-WA

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

klv-t8-151-a presents a led tube light of 150 cm long that emits warm white light (product code: KLV-T8-151-WA).

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 3750 K Warm white / neutral white
Luminous intensity Iv 637 Cd Measured straight underneath the lamp
Illuminance modulation index 17 % Measured straight underneath the lamp. Is a measure for the amount of flickering.
Beam angle 117 deg 117º for the C0-C180 plane (crossing length direction of the tube) and 115º for the C90-C270 plane (length direction). This is virtually the same value.
Power P 21.9 W
Power Factor 0.96 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 0.3 kVAhr for reactive power.
THD 16 % Total Harmonic Distortion
Luminous flux 1866 Lm
Luminous efficacy 85 Lm/W
CRI_Ra 75 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.3927 and y=0.3875
Fitting FL-tube This Tube Light is connected directly to the grid voltage of 230 V AC.
PAR-value 5.5 μMol/s/m2 The number of photons seen by an average plant when it is lit by the light of this light bulb. Value valid at 1 m distance from light bulb.
PAR-photon efficacy 0.7 μMol/s/We The toal emitted number of photons by this light, divided by its consumption in W. It indicates a kind of efficacy in generating photons.
S/P ratio 1.5 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (ow environmental light level).
L x D external dimensions 1500 x 29 mm External dimensions of the lamp (L = length, without the pins).
L x W luminous area 1435 x 26 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is equal to the surface on which leds are mounted.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 23-25 deg C. The temperature of the lamp gets about 23 degrees hotter than ambient.

Warm up effect: during the warm up time the illuminance decreased with 9 % and the consumed power with 4 %.

Voltage dependency: the power consumption and illuminance do not vary significantly when the voltage is varied from 200 – 250 V.

At the end of the article there is an additional photo of the lamp.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.

Overview table

klv-t8-151-wa__summary22

The overview table is explained on the OliNo website.

Please note that this overview table makes use of calculations, use this data with care as explained on the OliNo site. E (lux) values are not accurate, when within 5 x 1435 mm ≈ 7200 mm. Within this distance from the lamp, the measured lux values willl be less than the computed values in this overview as the measurements are then within the near field of the lamp.

Eulumdat light diagram

This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file. It is explained on the OliNo site.

klv-t8-151-wa_light_diagram1

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. The direction or plane C90-C270 (along the length direction of the tube) has (almost) the same beam angle than the C0-C180 (crossing the length direction of the tube).

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

klv-t8-151-wa__pp_avg2

The radiation pattern of the light bulb. This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd. These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

klv-t8-151-wa__ev_dep_kantelhoek

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used. When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 117º-115º depending on the plane looked at (resp. the C0-C180 plane and the C90-C270 plane).

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux. The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 1866 Lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 1866 Lm, and the power of the light bulb being 21.9 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 85 Lm/W.

Electrical properties

A power factor of 0.96 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 0.3 kVAr was needed.

Lamp voltage 230 VAC
Lamp current 99 mA
Power P 21.9 W
Apparent power S 22.8 VA
Power factor 0.96

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it are measured and graphed. See the OliNo site how this is obtained.

klv-t8-151-wa__u_i_waveforms

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

This waveforms have been checked on requirements posed by the norm IEC 61000-3-2:2006 (including up to A2:2009). See also the explanation on the OliNo website.

klv-t8-151-wa__harmonics

Harmonics in in the current waveform and checked against IEC61000-3-2:2006

There are no limits for the harmonics for led lighting equipment <= 25 W. The Total Harmonic Distortion of the current is computed as 16 %.

Temperature measurements lamp

ir_0426

Temperature image (overview) of the light bulb.

ir_0428

Hottest spot on the heat sink, measured on masking tape

status lamp > 2 hours on
ambient temperature 24 deg C
reflected background temperature 24 deg C
camera Flir BCAM
emissivity 0.95(1)
measurement distance 0.10 m (zoomed image)
IFOVgeometric 0.4 mm
NETD (thermal sensitivity) 100 mK

(1) The emissivity is set at 0.95 which is close to the value of the masking tape that was used.

The hottest temperature on the heatsink part of the tube is a bit hotter than warm-to-the-touch.

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

klv-t8-151-wa__powerspectrum_at_1m_distance2

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is about 3750 K which is warm/neutral white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

klv-t8-151-wa__cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The measurement of CCT is measured for inclination angles up to 75º as beyond that angle the illuminance values are very low (< 5 lux).

The beam angle is maximally 117º, meaning a 58.5º inclination angle. In this area most of the light is present. The variation in correlated color temperature in this area is about 4 %.

PAR value and PAR spectrum

To make a statement how well the light of this light bulb is for growing plants, the PAR-area needs to be determined. See the OliNo website how this all is determined and the explanation of the graph.

klv-t8-151-wa__par_spectra_at_1m_distance2

The photon spectrum, then the sensitivity curve and as result the final PAR spectrum of the light of this light bulb

parameter value unit
PAR-number 5.5 μMol/s/m²
PAR-photon current 16.0 μMol/s
PAR-photon efficacy 0.7 μMol/s/W

The PAR efficiency is 63 % (valid for the PAR wave length range of 400 – 700 nm). So maximally 63 % of the total of photons in the light is effectively used by the average plant (since the plant might not take 100 % of the photons at the frequency where its relative sensitivity is 100 %).

S/P ratio

The S/P ratio and measurement is explained on the OliNo website. Here the results are given.

klv-t8-151-wa__s_and_p_spectra_at_1m_distance2

The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

The S/P ratio is 1.5.

More info on S/P ratio can be found on the OliNo website.

Chromaticity diagram

klv-t8-151-wa__chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is inside the area designated with class A. This Class A is an area that is defined for signal lamps, see also the OliNo website.

Its coordinates are x=0.3927 and y=0.3875.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp). Practical information and also some critics about the CRI can be found on the OliNo website.

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

klv-t8-151-wa__cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 75 is (a bit) lower than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0017 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. There is no norm yet that states what the max deviation from white light is allowed to be. A reference with signal lights as a reference is given in the chromaticity diagram.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [Lm/W].

klv-t8-151-wa__voltagedependency

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The illuminance and consumed power do not vary significantly when the voltage is varied.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies < 0.1 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

klv-t8-151-wa__startupeffect

klv-t8-151-wa__startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm up time is about 25 minutes. During that time the the illuminance decreases with 9 % and the consumed power with 4 %.

Measure of flickering

An analysis is done on the measure of flickering of the light output by this light bulb.

klv-t8-151-wa_flicker_waveforms

The measure of fast illuminance variartion of the light of the light bulb

parameter waarde eenheid
Flicker frequency 100.0 Hz
Illuminance modulation index 13 %

The illuminance modulation index is computed as: (max_Ev – min_Ev) / (max_Ev + min_Ev).

Photo

klv-t8_closeup

Close up of the leds

One Response to “KLV Led Tube Light KLV-T8-151-WA”

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