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KLV Led Tube Light KLV-T8-061-A

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit presents a led tube light of 60 cm long that emits cold white light (product code: KLV-T8-061-A).

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 6468 K Cold white
Luminous intensity Iv 282 Cd
Illumination modulation index 17 % Measured straight underneath the lamp. Is a measure for the amount of flickering.
Beam angle 122 deg 122º for the C0-C180 plane (crossing length direction of the tube) and 109º for the C90-C270 plane (length direction). This is virtually the same value.
Power P 10.0 W
Power Factor 0.94 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 0.4 kVAhr for reactive power.
THD 16 % Total Harmonic Distortion
Luminous flux 902 Lm
Luminous efficacy 90 Lm/W
CRI_Ra 77 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.3136 and y=0.3261
Fitting FL-tube This Tube Light is connected directly to the grid voltage of 230 V AC.
PAR-value 2.6 μMol/s/m2 The number of photons seen by an average plant when it is lit by the light of this light bulb. Value valid at 1 m distance from light bulb.
PAR-photon efficacy 0.8 μMol/s/We The toal emitted number of photons by this light, divided by its consumption in W. It indicates a kind of efficacy in generating photons.
S/P ratio 2.1 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (ow environmental light level).
L x D external dimensions 589 x 29 mm External dimensions of the lamp (L = length, without the pins).
L x W luminous area 525 x 25 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is equal to the surface on which leds are mounted.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 22.5-25 deg C. The temperature of the lamp gets about 17 degrees hotter than ambient.
Warm up effect: during the warm up time neither the illuminance nor the consumed power vary significantly.

Voltage dependency: the power consumption and illuminance do not vary significantly when the voltage is varied from 200 – 250 V.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.

Overview table

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_summary22

The overview table is explained on the OliNo website. Please note that this overview table makes use of calculations, use this data with care as explained on the OliNo site. E (lux) values are not accurate, when within 5 x 525 mm ≈ 2600 mm. Within this distance from the lamp, the measured lux values willl be less than the computed values in this overview as the measurements are then within the near field of the lamp.

Eulumdat light diagram

This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file. It is explained on the OliNo site.

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_light_diagram2

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. The directions or planes C90-C270 and C0-C180 give the same result.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_pp_avg2

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_ev_dep_kantelhoek2

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 122º-109º depending on the plane looked at (resp. the C0-C180 plane and the C90-C270 plane).

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 902 Lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 902 Lm, and the power of the light bulb being 10.0 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 90 Lm/W.

Electrical properties

A power factor of 0.94 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 0.4 kVAr was needed.

Lamp voltage 230 VAC
Lamp current 46 mA
Power P 10.0 W
Apparent power S 10.6 VA
Power factor 0.94

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it are measured and graphed. See the OliNo site how this is obtained.

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_u_i_waveforms

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

This waveforms have been checked on requirements posed by the norm IEC 61000-3-2:2006 (including up to A2:2009). See also the explanation on the OliNo website.

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_harmonics

Harmonics in in the current waveform and checked against IEC61000-3-2:2006

There are no limits for the harmonics for led lighting equipment <= 25 W.

The Total Harmonic Distortion of the current is computed as 16 %.

Temperature measurements lamp

ir_0418

Temperature image (overview) of the light bulb. One end is hotter

ir_0417

Hottest spot on the heat sink, measured on masking tape

status lamp > 2 hours on
ambient temperature 24 deg C
reflected background temperature 24 deg C
camera Flir BCAM
emissivity 0.95(1)
measurement distance 0.10 m (zoomed image)
IFOVgeometric 0.4 mm
NETD (thermal sensitivity) 100 mK

(1) The emissivity is set at 0.95 which is close to the value of the masking tape that was used.

The hottest temperature on the heatsink part of the tube is warm-to-the-touch, here plusminus 42 deg C.

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_powerspectrum_at_1m_distance

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is about 6450 K which is cold white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The measurement of CCT is measured for inclination angles up to 70º as beyond that angle the illuminance values are very low (< 5 lux).

The beam angle is maximally 122º, meaning a 61º inclination angle. In this area most of the light is present. The variation in correlated color temperature in this area is about 5 %.

PAR value and PAR spectrum

To make a statement how well the light of this light bulb is for growing plants, the PAR-area needs to be determined. See the OliNo website how this all is determined and the explanation of the graph.

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_par_spectra_at_1m_distance

The photon spectrum, then the sensitivity curve and as result the final PAR spectrum of the light of this light bulb

parameter value unit
PAR-number 2.6 μMol/s/m²
PAR-photon current 8.2 μMol/s
PAR-photon efficacy 0.8 μMol/s/W

The PAR efficiency is 66 % (valid for the PAR wave length range of 400 – 700 nm). So maximally 66 % of the total of photons in the light is effectively used by the average plant (since the plant might not take 100 % of the photons at the frequency where its relative sensitivity is 100 %).

S/P ratio

The S/P ratio and measurement is explained on the OliNo website. Here the results are given.

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_s_and_p_spectra_at_1m_distance
The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

The S/P ratio is 2.1.

More info on S/P ratio can be found on the OliNo website.

Chromaticity diagram

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is inside the area designated with class A. This Class A is an area that is defined for signal lamps, see also the OliNo website.

Its coordinates are x=0.3136 and y=0.3261.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp). Practical information and also some critics about the CRI can be found on the OliNo website.

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 77 is (a bit) lower than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.018 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. There is no norm yet that states what the max deviation from white light is allowed to be. A reference with signal lights as a reference is given in the chromaticity diagram.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W], the (Correlated) Color Temperature [K] and the luminous efficacy [Lm/W].

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_voltagedependency

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The illuminance and consumed power do not vary significantly when the voltage is varied.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies < 0.1 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_startupeffect

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm up time is about 20 minutes. During that time neither the illuminance nor the consumed power vary significantly.

Measure of flickering

An analysis is done on the measure of flickering of the light output by this light bulb.

klv_60cm_ledbuis_koudwit_flicker_waveforms

The measure of fast illuminance variartion of the light of the light bulb

parameter waarde eenheid
Flicker frequency 100.0 Hz
Illumination modulation index 17 %

The illumination modulation index is computed as: (max_Ev – min_Ev) / (max_Ev + min_Ev).

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