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Renewable Energy

PyraSied Xtreme Acrylic PyraLux400400 12W Led Panel

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

pyralux presents a lightweight led panel. It has leds positioned on two sides of the panel, shining their light into the panel itself. Its white background lights up and gives an over the panel surface rather uniform illumination. This panel emits cold white light, contains 48 leds; 24 on two sides, opposite to each other.

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 5448 K neutral white
Luminous intensity Iv 184 Cd Measured straight underneath the lamp
Beam angle 137 deg 137 degrees for the C0-C180 direction perpendicular to the two ledstrips. Along the two ledstips is the C90-C270 direction and there the beam angle is 130 degrees.
Power P 12.7 W
Power Factor 0.64 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 1.2 kVAhr for reactive power.
Luminous flux 664 Lm
Luminous efficacy 52 Lm/W
CRI_Ra 63 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.3339 and y=0.3482
Fitting 230V An adaptor if used with a 12 V DC 1A otuput.
PAR-value 1.5 μMol/s/m2 The number of photons seen by an average plant when it is lit by the light of this light bulb. Value valid at 1 m distance from light bulb.
S/P ratio 1.8 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (ow environmental light level).
L x W x H external dimensions 400 x 400 x 8 mm External dimensions of the lamp.
L x W luminous area 395 x 385 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is equal to the surface of the plate that emits the reflected light of the leds shining sidewards in it.
form factor panel
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 23-25 deg C. The maximum temperature of the tube light gets about 15 degrees hotter than ambient.
Warm up effect: during the warm up time the illuminance nor consumed power vary significantly.Voltage dependency: the power consumption and illuminance do not significantly depend on the voltage when it is varied from 200 – 250 V.
Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.

Overview table

pyralux400400_12w_summary2

The overview table is explained on the OliNo website. Please note that this overview table makes use of calculations, use this data with care as explained on the OliNo site. E (lux) values are not accurate, when within 5 x 500 mm = 2825 mm. Measured lux values willl be less than the computed values in this overview as the measurements are then within the near field of the lamp.

Eulumdat light diagram

This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file. It is explained on the OliNo site.

pyralux400400_12w_light_diagram

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. In the direction perpendicular to the led strips (C0-C180) the beam angle is wider than in the direction perpendicular to the led-strips (C90-C270).

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

pyralux40040_12w_pp_avg

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

pyralux40040_12w_ev_dep_kantelhoek

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being in the range 130-137 degrees depending on the plane considered.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 664 Lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 664 Lm, and the power of the light bulb being 12.7 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 52 Lm/W.

A power factor of 0.64 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 1.2 kVAr was needed.

Light bulb voltage (used on power supply!) 230 VAC
Light bulb current 86 mA
Power P 12.7 W
Apparent power S 19.7 VA
Power factor 0.61

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it are measured and graphed. See the OliNo site how this is obtained.

pyralux40040_12w_u_i_waveforms

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

The current form doesn’t look like a sine. There are peaks in the current when the voltage gets to its maximum value. The powerfactor is low with a value at about 0.65.

Also the power spectrum of the current is determined.

pyralux40040_12w_powerspectrumi_percent

Squared amplitudes of higher harmonics related to the first harmonic (50 Hz).

Due to the steep edges and peaks in the current there are a lot of higher harmonics.

The Total Harmonic Distortion of the current is 108 %.

Temperature measurements lamp

pyralux400400_12w_ir

Temperature image after warm up period. Masking tape is applied to the metal strips at the bottom that remove the heat away from the leds.

status lamp > 2 hours on
ambient temperature 23.5 deg C
reflected background temperature 23.5 deg C
camera Flir B-CAM Western S
emissivity 0.95(1)
measurement distance 0.15 m
IFOVgeometric 0.6 mm
NETD (thermal sensitivity) 100 mK

(1) The emissivity of the masking tape is used which is about 0.95.

The metal strips at the backside of the panel, that remove the heat from the leds, get warm-to-the-touch. The rest of the lamp does not get warm at all.

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

pyralux400400_12w_powerspectrum_at_1m_distance

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is about 5450 K which is cold white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

pyralux400400_12w_cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The measurement of CCT is measured for inclination angles up to 75º since then the illuminance value was decreased to very low values (< 5 lux).

The beam angle is maximally 137º, meaning a 68.5º inclination angle. In this area the majority of the light is present. The variation in correlated color temperature in this area is about 1 %.

PAR value and PAR spectrum

To make a statement how well the light of this light bulb is for growing plants, the PAR-area needs to be determined. See the OliNo website how this all is determined and the explanation of the graph.

pyralux400400_12w_par_spectra_at_1m_distance

The photon spectrum, then the sensitivity curve and as result the final PAR spectrum of the light of this light bulb

parameter value unit
PAR-number 1.5 μMol/s/m²

The PAR efficiency is 64 % (valid for the PAR wave length range of 400 – 700 nm). So maximally 64 % of the total of photons in the light is effectively used by the average plant (since the plant might not take 100 % of the photons at the frequency where its relative sensitivity is 100 %).

S/P ratio

The S/P ratio and measurement is explained on the OliNo website. Here the results are given.

pyralux400400_12w_s_and_p_spectra_at_1m_distance
The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

The S/P ratio is 1.8.

More info on S/P ratio can be found on the OliNo website.

Chromaticity diagram

pyralux400400_12w_chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is close to the Planckian Locus (the black path in the graph).

Its coordinates are x=0.3339 and y=0.3482.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp). Practical information and also some critics about the CRI can be found on the OliNo website.

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

pyralux400400_12w_cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 63 is lower than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0002 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. Its value is lower than 0.0054, which means that the calculated CRI result is meaningful.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W], the (Correlated) Color Temperature [K] and the luminous efficacy [Lm/W].

pyralux40040_12w_voltagedependency

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The illuminance and consumed power do not vary significantly when the voltage is varied.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies < 0.1 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

pyralux40040_12w_startupeffect

pyralux40040_12w_startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm up time is about 25 minutes. During that time the illuminance nor consumed power vary significantly. The only variations seen are possibly due to ambient temperature variations during the test.

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