OliNo

Renewable Energy

Saproco Led Panel Cold White

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

saproco_panel_ww1Osram presents a lightweight led panel. When on it stays cool and gives a lot of light; also in the area between 80 and 90 degrees inclination angle. In this article the cold white version is tested.

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 5444 K cold white
Luminous intensity Iv 482 Cd Measured straight underneath the lamp
Beam angle 82 deg This lamp has symmetry over the C0-C180 and C90-C270 axis. For both these C-planes this angle is measured.
Power P 13.1 W
Power Factor 0.93 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 0.4 kVAhr for reactive power.
Luminous flux 937 Lm
Luminous efficacy 72 Lm/W
CRI_Ra 71 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.3343 and y=0.3568
Fitting 230V This panel is connected directly to the mains voltage.
PAR-value 4.1 μMol/s/m2 The number of photons seen by an average plant when it is lit by the light of this light bulb. Value valid at 1 m distance from light bulb.
S/P ratio 1.8 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (ow environmental light level).
L x W x H external dimensions 617 x 145 x 28 mm External dimensions of the lamp.
L x W luminous area 460 x 115 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is equal to the surface of the plate that emits the reflected light of the leds shining sidewards in it.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 23-25.5 deg C. The maximum temperature of the tube light gets about 10 degrees hotter than ambient.
Warm up effect: during the warm up time the illuminance nor consumed power vary significantly.

Voltage dependency: the power consumption and illuminance do not significantly depend on the voltage when it is varied from 200 – 250 V.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.

Overview table

saproco_panel_cw_summary2

The overview table is explained on the OliNo website. Please note that this overview table makes use of calculations, use this data with care as explained on the OliNo site. E (lux) values are not accurate, when within 5 x 460 mm = 2300 mm. Measured lux values willl be less than the computed values in this overview as the measurements are then within the near field of the lamp.

Eulumdat light diagram

This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file. It is explained on the OliNo site.

saproco_panel_cw_light_diagram

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. In the length direction (C90-C270) the beam angle is the same as in the direction crossing the length direction (C0-C180).

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

saproco_panel_cw_pp_avg

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

saproco_panel_cw_ev_dep_kantelhoek

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 82º for both C0-C180 and C90-C270 planes.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 937 Lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 937 Lm, and the power of the light bulb being 13.1 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 72 Lm/W.

A power factor of 0.93 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 0.4 kVAr was needed.

Light bulb voltage (used on power supply!) 230 VAC
Light bulb current 61 mA
Power P 13.1 W
Apparent power S 14.1 VA
Power factor 0.93

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it are measured and graphed. See the OliNo site how this is obtained.

saproco_panel_cw_u_i_waveforms

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

The current form does look much like a sine. The current phase is a bit leading the voltage’s. The powerfactor is very good with a value near 0.95.

Also the power spectrum of the current is determined.

saproco_panel_cw_powerspectrumi_percent

Squared amplitudes of higher harmonics related to the first harmonic (50 Hz).

Due to some few steep edges in the current there are a few small higher harmonics.

The Total Harmonic Distortion of the current is 11 %.

Temperature measurements lamp

This paragraph is the same as with the panel emitting neutral white light.

saproco_panel_ww_closeup_ir

Temperature image after warm up period

status lamp > 2 hours on
ambient temperature 23 deg C
reflected background temperature 23 deg C
camera Flir B-CAM Western S
emissivity 0.95(1)
measurement distance 0.20 m
IFOVgeometric 0.7 mm
NETD (thermal sensitivity) 100 mK

(1) The emissivity of the masking tape is used which is about 0.95.

The measured temperatures are low.

saproco_panel_nw_halfpaneel_irsaproco_panel_ww_halfpanel_ir

Temperature images of the ends of the panel

status lamp > 2 hours on
ambient temperature 23 deg C
reflected background temperature 23 deg C
camera Flir B-CAM Western S
emissivity 0.95(1)
measurement distance 0.50 m
IFOVgeometric 1.9 mm
NETD (thermal sensitivity) 100 mK

(1) The emissivity of the masking tape is used which is about 0.95. The paint used on the panel has generally the same emissivity, as the tape itself is not visible.

The images show the panel in mounted position for measuring. One end gets slightly hotter than the other side, maybe indicating that there is the power supply behind. However the measured temperatures are low.

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

saproco_panel_cw_powerspectrum_at_1m_distance

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is about 5450 K which is cold white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

saproco_panel_cw_cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The measurement of CCT is measured for inclination angles up to 75º since then the illuminance value was decreased to very low values (< 5 lux).

The beam angle is maximally 82º, meaning a 41º inclination angle. In this area the majority of the light is present. The variation in correlated color temperature in this area is about 1 %.

PAR value and PAR spectrum

To make a statement how well the light of this light bulb is for growing plants, the PAR-area needs to be determined. See the OliNo website how this all is determined and the explanation of the graph.

saproco_panel_cw_par_spectra_at_1m_distance

The photon spectrum, then the sensitivity curve and as result the final PAR spectrum of the light of this light bulb

parameter value unit
PAR-number 4.1 μMol/s/m²

The PAR efficiency is 64 % (valid for the PAR wave length range of 400 – 700 nm). So maximally 64 % of the total of photons in the light is effectively used by the average plant (since the plant might not take 100 % of the photons at the frequency where its relative sensitivity is 100 %).

S/P ratio

The S/P ratio and measurement is explained on the OliNo website. Here the results are given.

saproco_panel_cw_s_and_p_spectra_at_1m_distance
The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

The S/P ratio is 1.8

More info on S/P ratio can be found on the OliNo website.

Chromaticity diagram

saproco_panel_cw_chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is close to the Planckian Locus (the black path in the graph).

Its coordinates are x=0.3343 and y=0.3568.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp). Practical information and also some critics about the CRI can be found on the OliNo website.

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

saproco_panel_cw_cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 71 is lower than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.004 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. Its value is lower than 0.0054, which means that the calculated CRI result is meaningful.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W], the (Correlated) Color Temperature [K] and the luminous efficacy [Lm/W].

saproco_panel_cw_voltagedependency

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The illuminance and consumed power do not vary significantly when the voltage is varied.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies < 0.1 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

saproco_panel_cw_startupeffect

saproco_panel_cw_startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm up time is about 25 minutes. During that time the illuminance nor consumed power vary significantly.

Leave a Reply

 

WP Theme & Icons by N.Design Studio
Privacy Policy Entries RSS Comments RSS Log in