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Modern Bags NV EMI Light Bulb 25W 5000K

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Light measurements Add comments

em_25w_5000k Modern Bags NV has a special Electro Magnetic Inductionlamp. It works on the elecro-magnetic filed (in radio frequencies) of a coil inside the light bulb. Model depending the emitted electrons will first pass through a phosphorus to create visible light, or there is light generated directly without the use of phosphorus. This light bulb is an electrode-less light bulb, therefore has no wearing parts an can obtain a very long lifetime.

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 5255 K Cold white
Luminous intensity Iv 95 Cd
Beam angle 318 deg
Power P 24.7 W
Power Factor 0.90 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 0.5 kVAhr for reactive power..
Luminous flux 1277 lm
Luminous efficacy 52 lm/W
CRI_Ra 75 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.3398 and y=0.3638
Fitting E27
PAR-value 0.8 μMol/s/m2 The number of photons seen by an average plant when it is lit by the light of this light bulb. Value valid at 1 m distance from light bulb.
S/P ratio 1.84 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (ow environmental light level).
D  x H external dimensions 74 x 182 mm External dimensions of the light bulb.
D luminous area 74 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is equal to the max diameter of the bulb.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 24-25.5 deg C.

Warm up effect: during the warm up time (40 min) the illuminance increased with 14 %.

Voltage dependency: the power consumption and illuminance are linearly dependent on the voltage.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.

Eulumdat light diagram

An interesting graph is the light diagram, indicating the intensity in the C0-C180 and the C90-C270 plane. This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file.

em_25w_5000k_light_diagram

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. This light bulb has the same light diagram for the C0-C180 as for the C90-C270 plane since it has symmetry over the z-axis (height axis).

The unit is Cd/1000lm, meaning the intensity in Cd assuming there would be 1000 lumen in the measured light bulb. This enables comparing different types of light bulbs.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

em_25w_5000k_pp_avg

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

em_25w_5000k_ev_dep_kantelhoek

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 318 degrees. This is the average value but as the light bulb has a symmetry over its z-axis (height axis), this angle is valid for all turn-angles the light bulb is looked at.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 1277 lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 1277 lm, and the power of the light bulb being 24.7 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 52 lm/W.

A power factor of 0.90 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 0.5 kVAr was needed.

Light bulb voltage (used on power supply!) 230 VAC
Light bulb current 119 mA
Power P 24.7 W
Apparent power S 27.5 VA
Power factor 0.9

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it+its constant current driver power supply are measured and graphed.

em_25w_5000k_u_i_waveforms

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

The current driver tries to generate a sort of sine form for the current. It partially succeeds in that. Besides thereis a little phase shift between current and voltage, resulting in reduction of the power factor. There are some peaks in the current that will result in higher harmonics.

Also the power spectrum of the current is determined.

em_25w_5000k_powerspectrumi_percent

Current power spectrum in % of the first harmonic (50 Hz).

A there are peaks in the current wave form, these result in some higher harmonics.

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

em_25w_5000k_powerspectrum_at_1m_distance

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is about 5250 K which is cold white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

em_25w_5000k_cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The color temperature is given for inclination angles up to 90 degrees and more is not measured.

The color temperature stays within 1 % variation.

PAR value and PAR spectrum

To make a statement how well the light of this light bulb is for growing plants, the PAR-area needs to be determined. PAR stands for Photosynthetic Active Radiation which is that radiation that participates actively to photosynthesis and is expressed in μMol/s/m2.

Photosynthesis is the essence for growth and flowering of plants, where the blue part of the light spectrum is responsible for growth and the red part is responsible for flowering and budding (for gemmation). For photosynthesis it is more important to count the number of photons rather than the power in the light.

The power spectrum (power per wave length) of the light of the light bulb is converted into the number of photons (number of photons per wave length) and then these number of photons is weighted against the relative sensitivity of an average plant (which varies in value dependent on the wave length). The relative sensitivity curve in DIN-norm 5031-10:2000 is used for this. The next image shows the result.

em_25w_5000k_par_spectra_at_1m_distance

The photon spectrum, then the sensitivity curve and as result the final PAR spectrum of the light of this light bulb

The black curve gives the power spectrum of the light of this light bulb, in number of photons per wave length.

In red the relative sensitivity curve of an average plant (according to DIN norm 5031-10:2000).

Multiplying these two results in a curve showing the number of photos per wave length of the light of this light bulb, the PAR spectrum.

Summing all the photons, gives a PAR number that for this light results in 0.8 μMol/s/m2. This value is valid at 1 m distance from the light bulb.

Dividing the PAR number by the total number of photons of the light of this light bulb gives a sort of PAR efficiency, which is 63 % (valid for the PAR wave length range of 400 – 725 nm). So maximally 67 % of the total of photons in the light is effectively used by the average plant (since the plant might not take 100 % of the photons at the frequency where its relative sensitivity is 100 %).

Note: when mentioning this percentage of efficiency, it is important to verify if all wavelengths are present in a sufficient manner. Not that only blue light is available, when the plant is going to be used for flowering where specifically red light is needed.

S/P ratio

The human eye uses rods and cones. The rods work at scotopic light levels (twilight, night) and the rods at high(er) light levels (daytime, but also close to twilight). Each type of receptor has its own sensitivity for light. The rods are 2.7 times more sensitive than cones, and most for light at a blueish-greenish color whereas compared to the cones’ sensitivity for green light (555 nm).
The S/P ratio gives the maximum difference in sensitivity of the rods at their most sensitive wavelength compared to the cones at their’s. The more blueish (cold white) the light, the more the S/P ratio can be.

The light of this light bulb has a certain spectrum leading to an S/P ratio of 1.84. The light of this lightbulb at scotopic light levels is perceived this factor higher than it would be a photopic light levels.

em_25w_5000k_s_and_p_spectra_at_1m_distance1
The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

Since the color temperature of the light is cold white, the S/P ratio is quite high in value.

More info will come in a separate article.

Chromaticity diagram

em_25w_5000k_chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is at a distance from the Planckian Locus (the black path in the graph).

Its coordinates are x=0.3399 and y=0.3638.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp).

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

em_25w_5000k_cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 75 is lower than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0051 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. Its value is lower than 0.0054, which means that the calculated CRI result is meaningful.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W], the (Correlated) Color Temperature [K] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

em_25w_5000k_voltagedependency

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The consumed power varies and illumination level are linearly dependent on the light bulb voltage.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies within 1.5 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

em_25w_5000k_startupeffect

em_25w_5000k_startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm-up time is about 40 minutes, during which the illumination first drops and then rises to 14 % more than at the beginning when the light bulb was cold. The consumed power at the end does not change.

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