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Renewable Energy

Line Lite International BV 40W downlighter Sharp

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

linelite_40w_dimmable_downl_sharp presents a big downlighter. It has 7 powerleds giving warm white light. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 2875 K Warm white
Luminous intensity Iv 1484 Cd
Beam angle 45 deg
Power P 30 W
Power Factor 0.68 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 0.9 kVAhr for reactive power..
Luminous flux 1154 lm
Luminous efficacy 38 lm/W
CRI_Ra 74 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.4401 and y=0.3957
Fitting 230V Direct connection to the mains voltage.
D x H external dimensions 240 x 152 mm External dimensions of the light bulb.
D luminous area 157 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is equal to the diameter of the glass plate in front of the leds.
form factor recessed
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 24.5 deg C.Warm up effect: during the warm up time the illuminance increased with 9 % and the consumed power with 7 %.

Voltage dependency: the power consumption nor illuminance are dependent on variation of the input voltage.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.

Eulumdat light diagram

An interesting graph is the light diagram, indicating the intensity in the C0-C180 and the C90-C270 plane. This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file.

linelite_40w_dimmable_downl_sharp_light_diagram

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. The bundle is not wide.

The unit is Cd/1000lm, meaning the intensity in Cd assuming there would be 1000 lumen in the measured light bulb. This enables comparing different types of light bulbs.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

40w_dimmable_downl_sharp_pp_avg

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

40w_dimmable_downl_sharp_ev_dep_kantelhoek

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There are small differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 45 degrees. This is the average value for all C-planes on average. There is little difference between the C-planes so this beam angle is accurate for most C-planes.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 1154 lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 1154, and the power of the lightbulb being 30 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 38 lm/W.

A power factor of 0.68 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 1.1 kVAr was needed.

Light bulb voltage (used on power supply!) 230 VAC
Light bulb current 193 mA
Power P 30 W
Apparent power S 44 VA
Power factor 0.68

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it+its power supply are measured and graphed.

40w_dimmable_downl_sharp_u_i_waveforms

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

There are peaks in current near the tops of the voltage. This results in a waveform for the current that is different from the sineform of the voltage, resulting an a power factor less than 1. The peak is also not symmetrical, resulting in a further decrease of the power factor.

Also the power spectrum of the current is determined.

40w_dimmable_downl_sharp_powerspectrumi_percent

Current power spectrum in % of the first harmonic (50 Hz).

The current peaks result in a current power spectrum with a considerable amount of higher harmonics.

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

linelite_40w_dimmable_downl_sharp_powerspectrum

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb.

The measured color temperature is about 2875 K which is warm white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

linelite_40w_dimmable_downl_sharp_cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The color temperature is given for inclination angles up to 70 degrees, since at higher angles there is almost no light output anymore.

The value remains constant within 5 %.

Chromaticity diagram

linelite_40w_dimmable_downl_sharp_chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is at some distance from the Planckian Locus (the black path in the graph).

Its coordinates are x=0.4401 and y=0.3957.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp).

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

linelite_40w_dimmable_downl_sharp_cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 74 is lower than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0038 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. Its value is lower than 0.0054, which means that the calculated CRI result is meaningful.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W], the (Correlated) Color Temperature [K] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

40w_dimmable_downl_sharp_voltagedependency

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The consumed power nor illuminance vary significantly when the voltage is varied between 200-250 V.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies within 0.1 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

40w_dimmable_downl_sharp_startupeffect

40w_dimmable_downl_sharp_startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm-up time is a bit more than one hour, and expected illumination increase is about 10 %. The power consumption also increases with about 7.5 %. It is exceptional that here an increase in both parameters is seen. Apparently the power supply gets more efficient when it warms up.

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