Line Lite International BV downlighter 12leds
Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add commentspresents a big downlighter wit 12 leds. It needs 230 V AC power. This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.
See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.
Summary measurement data
parameter  meas. result  remark 

Color temperature  6265 K  Cold white 
Luminous intensity I_{v}  442 Cd  
Beam angle  47 deg  
Power P  14.5 W  
Power Factor  0.59  For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 1.4 kVAhr for reactive power.. 
Luminous flux  369 lm  
Luminous efficacy  25 lm/W  
CRI_Ra  76  Color Rendering Index. 
Coordinates chromaticity diagram  x=0.3159 and y=0.3404  
Fitting  230V  This is grid voltage. 
D x H external dimensions  240 x 145 mm  External dimensions of the down lighter. 
D luminous area  163 mm  Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is equal to the diameter of the diffusor plate in front of the leds. 
form factor  recessed  
General remarks  The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 24.025.0 deg C.Warm up effect: during the warm up time the illuminance and the consumed power decrease with 9%.
Voltage dependency: the illuminance and power consumption are independent on the voltage. This article contains an additional photo of this lightbulb. 

Measurement report (PDF)  
Eulumdat file  Right click on icon and save the file. 
Eulumdat light diagram
An interesting graph is the light diagram, indicating the intensity in the C0C180 and the C90C270 plane. This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file.
The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.
It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. This light bulb has symmetry over the zaxis (from top to bottom) therefore the C0C180 plane and the C90C270 plane give the same light diagram. The bundle is somewhat bigger than a bundle from a halogen lightspot.
The unit is Cd/1000lm, meaning the intensity in Cd assuming there would be 1000 lumen in the measured light bulb. This enables comparing different types of light bulbs.
Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv
Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.
The radiation pattern of the light bulb.
This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.
These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.
Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.
This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There are little differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.
When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 47 degrees.
Luminous flux
With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.
The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 369 lm.
Luminous efficacy
The luminous flux being 369, and the power of the lightbulb being 14.5 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 25 lm/W.
A power factor of 0.59 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 1.4 kVAr was needed.
Light bulb voltage  230 VAC 
Light bulb current  106 mA 
Power P  14.5 W 
Apparent power S  24.5 VA 
Power factor  0.59 
Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it are measured and graphed.
Voltage across and current through the lightbulb
There are peaks in current near the tops of the voltage. This results in a waveform for the current that is different from the sineform of the voltage, resulting an a power factor less than 1.
Also the power spectrum of the current is determined.
Current power spectrum in % of the first harmonic (50 Hz).
The current peaks result in a current power spectrum with a considerable amount of higher harmonics.
Color temperature and Spectral power distribution
The spectral power distribution of this light bulb.
The measured color temperature is about 6250 K which is cold white.
This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.
Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.
The color temperature is given for inclination angles up to 65 degrees, since at higher angles there is almost no light output anymore.
The value remains constant within 5 %.
Chromaticity diagram
The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.
The light coming from this lamp is close to the Planckian Locus (the black path in the graph).
Its coordinates are x=0.3159 and y=0.3404.
Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra
Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp).
Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.
CRI of the light of this lightbulb.
The value of 76 is lower than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.
Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0043 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. Its value is lower than 0.0054, which means that the calculated CRI result is meaningful.
Voltage dependency
The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following lamp parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W], the (Correlated) Color Temperature [K] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].
Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.
The consumed power and the illuminance vary insignificantly when the voltage varies between 200250 V.
When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies within 0.1 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.
Warm up effects
After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].
Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.
During a warm up time of 40 minutes, the illumination and the consumed powed decrease with 9 %.
Additional photo
The diffusor plate can easily be removed
The used LEDs behind the diffusor plate.
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