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Renewable Energy

LedNed Spot E27 CW

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

ledned_spot_e27_cw presents a led lightbulb that looks like a spotlight. It is a small lightbulb and has an E27 fitting. This article shows diverse lamp parameters, also gathered together in an Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 6068 K Warm white
Luminous intensity Iv 111 Cd
Beam angle 49 deg
Power P 3.0 W
Power Factor 0.73 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 0.9 kVAhr for reactive power.
Luminous flux 107 lm
Luminous efficacy 35 lm/W
CRI_Ra 75 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.3198 and y=0.3432
Fitting E27
D x H external dimensions 50 x 75 mm External dimensions of the lightbulb.
D luminous area 28 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This is equal to the size of the frontglass.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 23.5-27.5 C.

Warm up effect: during the warming up the illuminance and consumed power reduce with 18 %.

Voltage dependency: the illuminance and power consumption are almost independent on the voltage.

The Eulumdat file can be found via volg deze link.

The color of a led that emits a bright white light, has has a more yellow hue than that of an led that emits warm white light; the latter having a more orange hue. See also this photo.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf

Eulumdat light diagram

An interesting graph is the light diagram, indicating the intensity in the C0-C180 and the C90-C270 plane. This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file.

ledned_spot_e27_cw_light_diagram

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. This light bulb has symmetry over the z-axis, so the C0-C180 and C90-C270 planes show the same radiation pattern result.

The unit is Cd/1000lm, meaning the intensity in Cd assuming there would be 1000 lumen in the measured light bulb. This enables comparing different types of light bulbs.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

ledned_spot_e27_cw_pp_avg

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is not the same as the one given earlier. This is because of the (small) differences of beam angles in the different planes. In this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

ledned_spot_e27_cw_ev_dep_kantelhoek

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle.  There is some more spread in intensity results at low inclination angles, when the lluminance is varying depending on the inclination angle.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 49 degrees.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 107 lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 107 lm, and the power of the lightbulb being 3.0 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 35 lm/W.

A power factor of  0.73 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 0.9 kVAr was needed.

Light bulb voltage 230 V
Light bulb current 18 mA
Power P 3.0 W
Apparent power S 4.1 VA
Power factor 0.73

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

ledned_spot_e27_cw_powerspectrum

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb.

The measured color temperature is about 6050 K which is bright white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

ledned_spot_e27_cw_cct_function_of_incl

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The colortemperature is given for inclination angles up to 55 degrees since at larger inclination angles there is too little illumination.

The value drops with about 12 %.

Chromaticity diagram

ledned_spot_e27_cw_chromaticity

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is at a distance from the Planckian Locus (the black path in the graph).

Its coordinates are x=0.3198 and y=0.3432.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp).

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

ledned_spot_e27_cw_cri

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 75 is lower than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0038 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. Its value is lower than 0.0054, which means that the calculated CRI result is meaningful.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following lamp parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

ledned_spot_e27_cw_voltagedependency

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 12 V is taken as 100 %.

The consumed power and the illuminance vary slightly when the voltage varies between 10-16 V. This variation is almost linear.

When the voltage varies with + and – 5 V at 230 V, then the illuminance varies with less than + and – 0.5 %, which will not be visible when the voltage changes abruptly.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

ledned_spot_e27_cw_startupeffect

ledned_spot_e27_cw_startupeffect_end

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

During warm up time of about 30 minutes, the illuminance and power consumption decrease with 18 %.

Led color and color temperature

The photo shows the difference; one led has a more orange hue than the other. The first led emits warm white light and the other a more bright white light. The led with orange hue has more phoshorescent used on it to create the wharm white light, resulting in a color that is orange. The efficiency, because of using more phosphorescent, is also somewhat lower.

ledned_cw_and_ww_ledcolor

Left led has orange hue and right led has a yellow hue

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