Renewable Energy

Line Lite International BV 3W WW E27 no silicon sleeve

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

Line Lite International BV offers a 230 V powerful led light with a very focused beam of warm white light. Also an Eulumdat file is added in this article.

This light bulb has no silicon sleeve, which means the glass used feels like glass. There is a similar light bulb like this that has a silicon sleeve.
See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 2588 K Deep warm white
Luminous intensity Iv 67 Cd
Beam angle 46 deg
Power P 2.8 W
Power Factor 0.41 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 2.2 kVAhr for reactive power.
Luminous flux 62 lm
Luminous efficacy 22 lm/W
CRI_Ra 82 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.463 and y=0.4013
Fitting E27
D x H external dimensions 65 x 105 mm External dimensions of the light bulb.
Diameter luminous area 65 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file).
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 21.0-22.0 deg C.

Warm up effect: the illuminance as well as the consumed power are varying slightly, less than 8 %.

Voltage dependency: consumed power and illuminance are independent from the light bulb voltage.

The Eulumdat file can be found via this link.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf

Eulumdat lichtdiagram

An interesting graph is the light diagram, indicating the intensity in the C0-C180 and the C90-C270 plane. This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file.

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. This light diagram is symmetrical around the z-axis.

The unit is Cd/1000lm, meaning the intensity in Cd assuming there would be 1000 lumen in the measured light bulb. This enables comparing different types of light bulbs.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the same as the one given earlier. This is because in this light spot’s case, the radiation pattern is symmetric around the z-axis, meaning that the averaged pattern given here is the same as the extraction of the Eulumdat file.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. So at 20 degrees inclination angle, all the measurement results of illuminance for all measured turn angles are in the range of 49-62 % of the illuminance value at 0 degrees inclination angle.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 46 degrees.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern,it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 62 lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 62 lm, and the power of the lightbulb being 2.8 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 22 lm/W.

A power factor of 0.41 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 2.2 kVAr was needed.

Light bulb voltage 230 V
Light bulb current 29 mA
Power P 2.8 W
Apparent power S 6.7 VA
Power factor 0.41

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb.

The measured color temperature is about 2600 K which is deep warm white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The maximum value of inclination angle is 55 degrees. Beyond that value there is virtually no intensity anymore. The color temperature remains constant, and then decreases to about 3 % less than its value at 0 degrees.

Chromaticity diagram

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is close to the Planckian Locus (the black path in the graph).

Its coordinates are x=0.463 and y=0.4013.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp).

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 82 is higher than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0037 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. Its value is lower than 0.0054, which means that the calculated CRI result is meaningful.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following lamp parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The consumed power depends little on the light bulb voltage. The illuminance not at all.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The consumed power increases due to the warm up up to 108 %. The illuminance decreases after a while, and would remain at 94 %. There it shows a strange variation of about 2 % (which is small). This seems to be related to the ambient temperature which is plotted in the graph below.

The ambient temperature cycles.

The light bulb first warms up which makes the light output increase (to 107 %) and then decrease (to 95 %). The variations of ambient temperature are then having a small impact on the illuminance output.

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