Renewable Energy

LLE AR111 5L 15W 5000K 40deg

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements Add comments

presents a measurement set of one led light containing 5 power leds each of them a 3 W type, having a metallic base functioning as well as big heatsink. In this article the measurement data can be found as well as in Eulumdat format.
See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 6597 K Bright white
Luminous intensity Iv 794 Cd
Beam angle 37 deg A focused beam, about the same as that of a halogen spot light.
Power P 12.9 W
Power Factor 0.75 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 0.88 kVAhr for reactive power.
Luminous flux 402 lm
Luminous efficacy 31 lm/W
CRI_Ra 78 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.3117 and y=0.3240
Fitting 12V
D x H external dimensions 110 x 58 mm External dimensions of the light bulb, including the 12 V clamps.
D dimension luminous area 74 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). It is a circle that has its diameter right around the 5 leds.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 18.5 deg C.

Warm up effect: virtually no effect.

Voltage dependency: consumed power and illuminance are dependent from the light bulb voltage

For the eulumdat file follow this link.
The light bulb is fed with 12 V, here a picture of the 12 V clamps.

Eulumdat lichtdiagram

With this article an eulumdat file is added. This is a file that a.o. indicates the radiation pattern around the light bulb. There are more parameters in the file, and these all can be read with help of the free open source program Qlumedit.

An interesting graph is the light diagram, indicating the intensity in the C0-C180 and the C90-C270 plane.

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern in the C0-C180 and C90-C270 planes.
As the light is symmetrical over z-axis, there is no difference between the lightdiagram for the two planes C0-C180 and the C90-C270.

This light bulb emits a focused bundle of light.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern shows a focused beam.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

The intensity measurements (of each turn angle) as function of inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 37 degrees.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern,it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this lamp is a luminous flux of 402 lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 402 lm, and the power of the lightbulb being 12.9 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 31 lm/W.

A power factor of 0.75 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 0.88 kVAr was needed.

Light bulb voltage 12.0 V
Light bulb current 1430 mA
Power P 12.9 W
Apparent power S 17.1 VA
Power factor 0.75

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb.

The measured color temperature is about 6600 K, being bright white.

Chromaticity diagram

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp on the path of the Planckian Locus (the black path in the graph).

Its coordinates are x=0.3117 and y=0.3240.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp).

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 78 is (a little) lower than 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.002 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. Its value is lower than 0.0054, which means that the calculated CRI result is meaningful.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following lamp parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The power consumed and the illuminance measurements do linearly depend on the light bulb voltage applied.

To check whether this dependency can lead to visible changes in illuminance for possible grid voltage changes, it is noted what variations occur when the lamp voltage varies around 230 V + and – 5 V. Then the illuminance varies + and – 2.5 % which is so little that it will not be remarked.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], color temperature CT or correlated color temperature CCT [K], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

No noticeable effects seen. The illuminance decreases about 2.5  % during the warm up period of about 30 minutes.. This effect is small and hence there is no meaningful warm up period.

Side view with the 12 V clamps

Side view of the light bulb, with the 12 V clamps well visible.

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